AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Journal of Ethics Header

AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Virtual Mentor. March 2003, Volume 5, Number 3.

Suggested Reading and Resources

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Resources on Medical Residency

Suggested reading and resources.

Related Opinions from the AMA's Code of Medical Ethics

Further Reading

  • Opinion 8.087 Medical Student Involvement in Patient Care. American Medical Association. Code of Medical Ethics 2008-2009 Edition. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; 2008:256.
  • Opinion 8.16 Substitution of surgeon without patient's knowledge or consent. American Medical Association. Code of Medical Ethics 2008-2009 Edition. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; 2008:284.
  • Opinion 8.18 Informing Families of a Patient's Death. American Medical Association. Code of Medical Ethics 2008-2009 Edition. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; 2008:287.
  • Opinion 8.181 Performing Procedures on the Newly Deceased for Training Purposes. American Medical Association. Code of Medical Ethics 2008-2009 Edition. Chicago, IL: American Medical Association; 2008:287-288.

Journal Articles

  • Aacr RD, Girard DE, Humphrey H, et al. Alcohol and other substance abuse and impairment among physicians in residency training. Ann Intern Med. 1992;116:245-254.
  • Alswanger v Smego, 1999 Conn. Super. LEXIS 1052.
  • American Board of Internal Medicine. IN: Materials from Association of Program Directors in Internal Medicine (APDIM)'s Chief Residents' Workshop on Problem Residents. April 19, 1999; New Orleans, LA.
  • Baldwin DC, Jr, Daugherty SR. Moonlighting and indebtedness reported by PGY2 residents; it's not just the about the money! Acad Med. 2002;77:S36-38.
  • Beal JM. Moonlighting: good or bad? Am J Surg. 1966;111:475-476.
  • Beatty ME, Lewis J. When students introduce themselves as doctors to patients. Academic Medicine. 72;1995:175-176. Cited by: The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. Medical students' involvement in patient care. The Journal of Clinical Ethics. 12;2001:111-115.
  • Benfield DG, Flaksman RJ, Lin TH, et al. Teaching intubation skills using newly deceased infants. JAMA. 1991; 265:2360-3.
  • Berger JT, Rosner F, Cassell EJ. Ethics of practicing medical procedures on newly dead and nearly dead patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2002;17:774-8.
  • Blondell RD, Dodds, HN, Blondell MN, et al. Ethanol in formularies of US teaching hospitals. JAMA. 2003;289:552.
  • Chang PH, Steinberg MB. Alcohol withdrawal. Med Clin North Am. 2001;85:1191-1212.
  • Chisolm C. Baumann B. SAEM position statement on the qualifications for unsupervised emergency department care. Acad Emerg Med. 2000;7:929.
  • Cohen DL et al. Informed consent policies governing medical students' interactions with patients. Journal of Medical Education. 1987;62:789-798. Cited by: The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. Medical students' involvement in patient care. The Journal of Clinical Ethics. 2001;12:111-115.
  • Conard SE, Hughes P, Baldwin D, Achenback K, Sheehan D. Substance use and the resident physician: a national study. Proc Annu Conf Res Med Educ. 1988;27:256-261.
  • Denny CJ, Kollek D. Practicing procedures on the recently dead. J Emerg Med. 1999;17:949-52.
  • Drazen JM. Epstein AM. Rethinking medical training–the critical work ahead. N Eng J Med. 2002;347:1272.
  • Etherington JM. Emergency management of acute alcohol problems. Part 1: uncomplicated withdrawal. Can Fam Physician. 1996;42:2186-2190.
  • Fourre MW. The performance of procedures on the recently deceased. Acad Emerg Med. 2002;9:595-8.
  • Gaba DM, Howard SK. Fatigue among clinicians and the safety of patients. N Eng J Med. 2002;347:1251.
  • Goldblatt AD. Don't ask, don't tell; practicing minimally invasive resuscitative techniques on the newly dead. Ann Emerg Med. 1995;25:86-90.
  • Hall W, Zador D. The alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Lancet. 349:1847-1900.
  • Hough DE, Bazzoli GJ. The economic environment of resident physicians. JAMA. 1985;253:1758-1762.
  • Hughes PH, Conard SE, Baldwin DC Jr, Storr CL, Sheehan DV. Resident physician substance use in the United States. JAMA. 1991;265:2069-73.
  • Iserson KV. Law versus life: the ethical imperative to practice and teach using the newly dead emergency department patient. Ann Emerg Med. 1995;25:91-4.
  • Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals, Accreditation Manual for Hospitals, 1985 Edition (Chicago: Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospital, 1984). Cited by: The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. Medical students' involvement in patient care. The Journal of Clinical Ethics. 12;2001:111-115.
  • Kelm S. CORD position statement on moonlighting. Acad Emerg Med. 2000;7:929.
  • Kerns AF. Better to lay it out on the table rather than do it behind the curtain: hospitals needs to obtain consent before using newly deceased patients to teach resuscitation procedures. J Contemp Health Law Policy. 1997;13:581-612.
  • Larkin GL, Kantor W, Zielinski J. Doing unto others? Emergency medicine residents' willingness to be treated by moonlighting residents and non-physician clinicians in the Emergency Department. Acad Emerg Med. 2001;8:886-892.
  • Li J, Tabor R, Martinez M. Survey of moonlighting practices and work requirements of emergency medicine residents. Am J Emerg Med. 2000;18:147-151.
  • Lilly v Brink, 51 Va Cir 444 (2000).
  • Manifold CA, Storrow A, Rodgers K. Patient and family attitudes regarding the practice of procedures on the newly deceased. Acad Emerg Med. 1999;6:110-5.
  • Mayfield D, McLeod G, Hall P. The CAGE questionnaire: validation of a new alcoholism screening instrument. Am J Psychiatry. 1974;131:117-126.
  • McCue JD, Janiszewski M, Stickley WT. Residents' views of the value of moonlighting. Arch Intern Med. 1990;150:1511-1513.
  • McNamara RM, Monti S, Kelly JJ. Requesting consent for an invasive procedure in newly deceased adults. JAMA. 1995;273:310-2.
  • Miller FH, Greaney TL. The National Resident Matching Program and antitrust law. JAMA. 2003;289:913-918.
  • Moore GP. Ethics seminars: the practice of medical procedures on newly dead patients—is consent warranted? Acad Emerg Med. 2001;8:389-92.
  • Moss AJ. Moonlighting house officers. N Engl J Med. 1984;311:1375-1377.
  • Olsen J, Spilger S, Windisch T. Feasibility of obtaining family consent for teaching cricothyrotomy on the newly dead in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 1995;25:660-5.
  • Oman KS, Armstrong JD II, Stoner M. Perspectives on practicing procedures on the newly dead. Acad Emerg Med. 2002;9:786-90.
  • Orlowski JP, Kanoti GA, Mehlman MJ. The ethics of using newly dead patients for teaching and practicing intubation techniques. N Engl J Med. 1988;319:439-441.
  • Restatement of the Law, Third, Torts: Liability for Physical Harm.
  • Roth AE. The origins, history, and design of the resident match. JAMA. 2003;289:909-912.
  • Silberger AB, Thran SL, Marder WD. The changing environment of resident physicians. Health Aff. 1988;7:121-133.
  • Sleep-deprived doctors. New York Times. June 14, 2002:A34.
  • Steinbrook R. The debate over residents' work hours. N Eng J Med. 2002;347:1296.
  • Tachakra S, Ho S, Lynch M, Newson R. Should doctors practice resuscitation skills on the newly deceased patients? A survey of public opinion. J R Soc Med. 1998;9:576-8.
  • The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. Medical students' involvement in patient care. The Journal of Clinical Ethics. 12;2001:111-115.
  • Urbach JR. Resident moonlighting: toward an equitable balance. South Med J. 1994;87:794-800.
  • Yao DC, Wright SM. National survey of internal medicine residency program directors regarding problem residents. JAMA. 2000;284:1099-1104.
  • Yau J. Residents' page. Can Fam Physician. 2000;46:2274-2276.

Web Site Resources

  • Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education. Resident duty hour documents. Available at: www.acgme.org. Accessed February 19, 2003.
  • Association of American Medical Colleges. Organization of Resident Representatives. Resident physicians and medical industry interactions. Guiding Principles. Available at: http://www.aamc.org/members/orr/interactionguidelines.pdf. Accessed February 28, 2003.
  • Federation of State Medical Boards. Position of the Federation of the State Medical Boards in support of post-graduate training and licensure standards. Available at: http://www.fsmb.org. Accessed February 19, 2003.
  • Iserson KV. Iserson's Getting Into A Residency: A Guide for Medical Students. 5th ed. Galen Press, Ltd; 2000. Available at: http://www.galenpress.com/extras/extra18.htm. Accessed February 12, 2003.
  • National Resident Matching Program. About the NRMP. Available at: http://www.nrmp.org/about_nrmp/index.html. Accessed February 12, 2003.
The viewpoints expressed on this site are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the AMA.