AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

Journal of Ethics Header

AMA Journal of Ethics®

Illuminating the art of medicine

AMA Journal of Ethics. October 2017, Volume 19, Number 10: 1054-1057.


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About the Contributors

Theme issue: Safe Water Access and the Roles of Clinicians

Theme Issue Editor

Maseray Kamara is a fourth-year medical student at the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine in East Lansing, where she serves on the admissions committee and the student council. She also tutors first-year students in anatomy and biochemistry and spearheaded a student-initiated fundraiser in response to the Flint water crisis. In 2016, she received the Society of Thoracic Surgeons “Looking to the Future” Scholarship and the American Medical Association Foundation Minority Scholars Award. Maseray aspires to contribute to the medical field through clinical practice, medical journalism, and public health advocacy.


Jeremy Balch is a fourth-year medical student at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. He is interested in pursuing an academic career in medicine that focuses on health policy and its impact on our environment and society.

Joshua M. Baruth, MD, PhD, is a resident in the Department of Psychiatry & Psychology at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. He obtained MD and PhD degrees from the University of Louisville and completed a postdoctoral research fellowship in psychiatry at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester. He has an ongoing interest in medical education and bioethics.

Laura A. Carravallah, MD, is an associate professor in the Department of Pediatrics and Human Development and the Department of Medicine at Michigan State University (MSU) College of Human Medicine in Flint, Michigan, where she is also the director of the Medical Partners in Public Health (MD-PH) certificate for medical students. She is a member of the Genesee County Board of Health, the Flint Water Technical Advisory Committee, and the Genesee County Medical Society Board of Directors, and she is also an MSU co-director of the Healthy Flint Research Coordinating Center.

Steven S. Coughlin, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Clinical and Digital Health Sciences at Augusta University in Augusta, Georgia, and an adjunct professor of epidemiology at Emory University in Atlanta. He has contributed extensively to the literature on professional ethics and public health ethics.

Leslie Lyons Duncan, PhD, is a fellow with the Vanderbilt Institute for Energy and Environment at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, where she received her PhD in environmental engineering in 2017. Leslie has taught undergraduate and graduate courses in hydraulics and water pollution and control at Murray State University. Her current research focuses on characterizing both the quantity and quality of groundwater resources in the Lower Mississippi-Gulf region.

Estelle Higgins is a second-year undergraduate at the University of Chicago. During the summer of 2017, she was an intern at the American Medical Association Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs. She studies comparative human development and psychology and works as a research assistant at the University of Chicago’s Impression Formation Neuroscience Lab. Her interests include public health and the intersection of cognitive neuroscience, behavior, and law.

Petros Ioannou, MD, MSc, PhD, is the chief resident and a postdoctoral clinical researcher in the Internal Medicine Department in the University Hospital of Heraklion in Crete, Greece.

Anwar D. Jackson, MD, is a resident in obstetrics and gynecology at the Hurley Medical Center/Michigan State University College of Human Medicine in Flint, Michigan. Dr. Jackson has interests in improving health care access in resource-limited settings as well as in studying the intersection between history, anthropology, sociology, and medicine.

Bruce Jennings, MA, is an adjunct associate professor in the Department of Health Policy and the Center for Biomedical Ethics and Society at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, Tennessee. He is also a senior advisor and fellow at the Hastings Center. His most recent book is Ecological Governance: Toward a New Social Contract with the Earth (West Virginia University Press, 2016).

Margaret Kawarski is a second-year law student at the DePaul University College of Law in Chicago, where she is concentrating in the area of health law. She received her BS in health sciences (biosciences) from DePaul University in 2016. During the summer of 2017, Margaret was the DePaul Summer Scholar in the American Medical Association’s Ethics Group.

Kent D. Key, MPH, PhD, is the director of the Office of Community Scholars and Partnerships at the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine in Flint, Michigan. He is also the chair of the Community Based Public Health Caucus of the American Public Health Association and a 2017 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Fellow for the Culture of Health Leader Program. His research interests include both racial and ethnic health disparities research, workforce development, and community-engaged research.

Maria I. Lapid, MD, is a geriatric psychiatrist and palliative care specialist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. After college and medical school in her native Philippines, Dr. Lapid completed her residency and fellowship training in the United States, gaining clinical expertise through formal training programs in psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, and hospice and palliative medicine, and through practice in inpatient and outpatient geriatric psychiatry settings and in the inpatient palliative care consultation service and hospice program. At the Mayo Clinic, she has led research projects on investigations of various clinical issues relevant to electroconvulsive therapy, palliative care, and quality of life in elderly patients.

Nancy Lutwak, MD, has been a physician for 33 years and works at the VA NY Harbor Health Care System in Manhattan. She also holds a joint appointment in the Departments of Psychiatry and Emergency Medicine at the New York University School of Medicine.

Harold W. Neighbors, PhD, is the C.S. Mott Endowed Professor of Public Health and Family Medicine at the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine, in Flint, Michigan. He has over 30 years of experience investigating mental disorders among African Americans, with an emphasis on racial disparities in the community prevalence of psychological distress and major depressive disorder. He has also studied racial disparities in the use of informal social networks and the (under)use of specialty mental health services. He has dedicated much of his academic career to mentoring future generations of research scientists from diverse backgrounds and helping them to conduct research on racial and ethnic health disparities.

Annalise Norling is a fourth-year undergraduate at Loyola University Chicago, where she studies philosophy and biology with a concentration in bioethics. During the summer of 2017, she was an intern for the American Medical Association’s Ethics Group.

Payal K. Patel, MD, MPH, is the medical director of antimicrobial stewardship at the Veterans Affairs Ann Arbor Healthcare System in Ann Arbor, Michigan. She is also an assistant professor of infectious diseases at the University of Michigan. Her research and scholarship focus on innovative approaches to antimicrobial stewardship.

Kwesi Reynolds was born in Detroit and raised in Flint, Michigan, where he attended Flint Central High School. After graduating from high school and spending four years in the US Navy, he moved back to Michigan to pursue his education. He graduated with honors from Mott Community College and received a bachelor’s degree in film from Wayne State University. He now lives and works in both Flint and Detroit and looks forward to bringing a major motion picture to the city of Flint.

Lawrence A. Reynolds, MD, is a clinical associate professor in the Department of Pediatrics and Human Development at the Michigan State University College of Human Medicine in Flint, Michigan. He serves as a member of the Flint Technical Advisory Committee, the Flint Water Interagency Coordinating Council, and the Genesee County Board of Directors. He also served on the Governor’s Flint Water Advisory Task Force and as president of the Michigan chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics.

Julia H. Schoen, MS, is a fourth-year medical student at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor with a master of science degree in environmental engineering. She is interested in bioethics as well as the intersection between environmental issues and medicine.

John R. Stone, MD, PhD, is a professor at Creighton University in Omaha, Nebraska, with appointments in the Center for Health Policy and Ethics, the Department of Interdisciplinary Studies, and the Department of Medicine in the School of Medicine. He is also the co-founder and co-director of the Center for Promoting Health and Health Equality, a community-academic partnership. His professional work targets social justice, health inequities, and issues of difference, including bioethics and racism intersections.

Richard Weinmeyer, JD, MA, MPhil, is a senior research associate for the American Medical Association Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs in Chicago. Mr. Weinmeyer received a master’s degree in bioethics and a law degree with a concentration in health law and bioethics from the University of Minnesota, where he served as editor in chief for volume 31 of Law and Inequality: A Journal of Theory and Practice. He obtained his first master’s degree in sociology from Cambridge University. Previously, Mr. Weinmeyer served as a project coordinator at the University of Minnesota Division of Epidemiology and Community Health. His research interests are in public health law, bioethics, and biomedical research regulation.

Susan J. Woolford, MD, MPH, is an assistant professor in the Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases at the University of Michigan Medical School in Ann Arbor. She is also on the faculty of the Michigan Institute for Clinical and Health Research Community Engagement Program and works with Flint community leaders. Her research focuses on community-engaged approaches to inform the use of tailored communications technology in the treatment of diverse populations.

Osman Yousufzai is a first-year resident in pediatrics at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas.