Call for Papers
The AMA Journal of Ethics invites original submissions for peer review on the following themes that will be explored in 2019 issues:
▼February Artificial Intelligence in Health Care
Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be applied to almost any field. In health care, it can help manage and analyze big data, make complex decisions, and conduct human-like conversations, so AI is destined to drastically change clinicians’ roles and everyday practices. Preserving patients’ safety and privacy will be key, as will clinicians’ and patients’ adaptability to change in diagnostics, therapeutics, and practices of honoring patient preferences. This issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics will explore these issues and some of the most ethically complex questions about AI technology’s implementation, uses, and limitations in healthcare settings.
▼March Health Care Organizations and Community Development
Typically providing acute, chronic, and emergency care, hospitals and clinical practices are also increasingly involved in addressing social determinants of health. Economic activity, housing conditions, food access, and land use are some factors influencing whether and how health care delivery organizations’ community outreach and development efforts affect individuals’ and communities’ health status. This issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics explores roles of and interrelationships among health care delivery organizations, clinicians, planners and developers, patients, and communities in processes of socioeconomic development with the aim of eliminating health inequity. We welcome ethical and empirical investigations into the nature and scope of health care delivery organizations’ responsibilities relative to community investment and improving health outcomes.
▼April Innovating Nanoethics
In the past decade, innovation in nanotechnology has led to development of novel diagnostic devices, drug delivery vehicles, and therapeutic agents (“nanomedicine”) and has revolutionized how we think about disease diagnosis and treatment at the cellular level. The NIH spends $300 million each year on nanotechnology research for cancer and other diseases. This April 2019 issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics will consider the roles of ethics in shaping legislation, health policy, and public discussions about nanomedicine.
▼May Advanced Cardiopulmonary Care Ethics
Advances in cardiopulmonary care—technologies such as ventricular assist devices, artificial hearts, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation—prompts reexamination of appropriate uses of life-sustaining technologies. Long term life-sustaining care technologies can change how we think ethically and clinically about our goals and intentions around key concepts, such as urgency or chronicity of need for treatment and severity of disease. These technologies might dramatically change our conceptions of what physicians owe patients when talking about how patients will die. Is it appropriate that these technologies are now see by some as chronic care interventions rather than as urgent life sustaining interventions? This May 2019 issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics will consider these concepts and explore how the goods of technological advancement should be weighed against risks of harm in the care of patients with life-threatening conditions.
▼June Limits to Patient Preferences
Patients are typically the most vulnerable individual in health care encounters, and this is a core reason to respect patients’ preferences. There are limits, however, to what clinicians should be expected to tolerate when patients’ preferences express unjust racial, ethnic, gender, religious, or other kinds of bias. How should clinicians respond to patients whose views or behaviors are offensive? How should colleagues and organizations respond? What are best strategies for balancing regard for patients’ preferences with clinicians’ desert of respect? Where those limits should be placed, why, and who is obliged to enforce them in health care settings are ethical questions we investigate in the June 2019 issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics.
▼July Ethics of Representing Unrepresented Patients
How can we ensure that we are properly advocating and caring for patients without capacity, without anyone to make decisions on their behalf, and about whom we do not know any values or preferences? These unrepresented patients—whether homeless, elderly, or incarcerated—are among the most vulnerable members of society. Challenging decisions regarding end-of-life and long-term care must be made for these patients. This issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics addresses some of the complex challenges of who should make decisions for unrepresented patients and according to which criteria these decisions should be made.
▼August Access to Prescription Medications
Physicians have traditionally been the gatekeepers for patient access to prescription medications. How a physician assesses their patient’s benefit and risk profile shapes usage, sometimes controversially—as with continuing opioid epidemic, for example. Recently, external factors such as high drug prices and formulary restrictions have created other barriers to prescription drug access. These developments have created some new roles for physicians. That is, physicians now find themselves acting as advocates and coordinators of patients’ access, while high prices induce physicians to ration access to protect system resources. The August 2019 issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics explores some of the ethical tensions physicians and individual patients face in a changing prescription medication landscape.
▼September Ethics of Global Health “Immersion” in Health Professions Education
Many health professions schools and training programs offer global health cultural “immersion” opportunities. Many also use domestic clinic settings to situate learning experiences in contexts of urban and rural poverty. These programs tend to be popular among learners eager to hone physical exam and diagnostic skills. When done well, such programs can help build cross-cultural communication skills, foster professional autonomy, offer diverse and cross-disciplinary mentorship opportunities, and allow for service-learning in communities with numerous unmet health needs. However, health professions education organizations have obligations to serve not only the interests of their students and trainees, but also to (1) foster mutually beneficial relationships with domestic and international patients, clinicians, and their communities, (2) honor and not exploit their vulnerabilities, and (3) interrogate the ethical and clinical appropriateness of maintaining long-term programs that actually rely on communities’ and patients’ poverty in order to maintain their experiential learning platforms. This issue of the AMA Journal of Ethics investigates these areas of inquiry in light of clinical and ethical values such as continuity of care, standards of care, and educational transparency.
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