Search Results Search Sort by RelevanceMost Recent Case and Commentary Oct 2015 Conscientious Refusal or Discrimination against Gay Parents? Judith Palfrey, MD AMA J Ethics. 2015;17(10):897-903. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2015.17.10.ecas1-1510. History of Medicine Apr 2022 Why Restoring Birth as Ceremony Can Promote Health Equity Marinah V. Farrell Until the mid-20th century, birth in the United States for Latinx Indigenous peoples was an ancestral ceremony guided by midwives and traditional healers. AMA J Ethics. 2022;24(4):E326-332. doi: 10.1001/amajethics.2022.326. Policy Forum Mar 2018 Who Counts? What Counts? Place and the Limits of Perinatal Mortality Measures Claire Wendland, MD, PhD Perinatal mortality indicators like the maternal mortality ratio mask social determinants of health and undermine reproductive justice. AMA J Ethics. 2018;20(3):278-287. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2018.20.3.pfor2-1803.