Search Results Search Sort by RelevanceMost Recent Health Law Mar 2020 Which Legal Approaches Help Limit Harms to Patients From Clinicians’ Conscience-Based Refusals? Rachel Kogan, JD, Katherine L. Kraschel, JD, and Claudia E. Haupt, PhD, JSD When a clinician refuses to do a procedure consistent with standard of care for a patient, legal resources can be helpful. AMA J Ethics. 2020;22(3):E209-216. doi: 10.1001/amajethics.2020.209. Policy Forum May 2007 The Principle of Double Effect and Proportionate Reason Nicholas J. Kockler, MS, PhD Virtual Mentor. 2007;9(5):369-374. doi: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2007.9.5.pfor2-0705. In the Literature Mar 2013 Conscience, Values, and Justice in Savulescu Alvan A. Ikoku, MD Virtual Mentor. 2013;15(3):-. doi: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2013.15.3.jdsc1-1303. Viewpoint Apr 2015 Making Ethical Progress without Ethical Theories Dien Ho, PhD AMA J Ethics. 2015;17(4):289-296. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2015.17.4.spec1-1504. History of Medicine Apr 2022 Why Restoring Birth as Ceremony Can Promote Health Equity Marinah V. Farrell Until the mid-20th century, birth in the United States for Latinx Indigenous peoples was an ancestral ceremony guided by midwives and traditional healers. AMA J Ethics. 2022;24(4):E326-332. doi: 10.1001/amajethics.2022.326.