Search Results Search Sort by RelevanceMost Recent Policy Forum May 2007 The Principle of Double Effect and Proportionate Reason Nicholas J. Kockler, MS, PhD Virtual Mentor. 2007;9(5):369-374. doi: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2007.9.5.pfor2-0705. Medicine and Society Feb 2021 How Can the Experiences of Black Women Living With HIV Inform Equitable and Respectful Reproductive Health Care Delivery? Faith E. Fletcher, PhD, MA, Ndidiamaka Amutah-Onukagha, PhD, MPH, Julie Attys, MPH, and Whitney S. Rice, DrPH, MPH Black women living with HIV contend with injuries of injustice that influence their reproductive lives. AMA J Ethics. 2021;23(2):E156-165. doi: 10.1001/amajethics.2021.156. In the Literature Mar 2013 Conscience, Values, and Justice in Savulescu Alvan A. Ikoku, MD Virtual Mentor. 2013;15(3):-. doi: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2013.15.3.jdsc1-1303. Case and Commentary Jan 2021 How Should a Physician Respond to Discovering Her Patient Has Been Forcibly Sterilized? Rebecca Kluchin, PhD Sterilization requires physicians’ surgical skills. Forced sterilization requires many clinicians’ complicity. AMA J Ethics. 2021;23(1):E18-25. doi: 10.1001/amajethics.2021.18. Viewpoint Apr 2015 Making Ethical Progress without Ethical Theories Dien Ho, PhD AMA J Ethics. 2015;17(4):289-296. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2015.17.4.spec1-1504. History of Medicine Apr 2022 Why Restoring Birth as Ceremony Can Promote Health Equity Marinah V. Farrell Until the mid-20th century, birth in the United States for Latinx Indigenous peoples was an ancestral ceremony guided by midwives and traditional healers. AMA J Ethics. 2022;24(4):E326-332. doi: 10.1001/amajethics.2022.326.