AMA Code Says
Jan 2010

AMA Code of Medical Ethics’ Opinion on Nurses

AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs
Virtual Mentor. 2010;12(1):23. doi: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2010.12.1.code1-1001.

Opinion 3.02 - Nurses

The primary bond between the practices of medicine and nursing is mutual ethical concern for patients. One of the duties in providing reasonable care is fulfilled by a nurse who carries out the orders of the attending physician. Where orders appear to the nurse to be in error or contrary to customary medical and nursing practice, the physician has an ethical obligation to hear the nurse’s concern and explain those orders to the nurse involved. The ethical physician should neither expect nor insist that nurses follow orders contrary to standards of good medical and nursing practice. In emergencies, when prompt action is necessary and the physician is not immediately available, a nurse may be justified in acting contrary to the physician’s standing orders for the safety of the patient. Such occurrences should not be considered to be a breakdown in professional relations.  


Virtual Mentor. 2010;12(1):23.



The viewpoints expressed in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views and policies of the AMA.