Search Results Search Sort by RelevanceMost Recent Policy Forum May 2007 The Principle of Double Effect and Proportionate Reason Nicholas J. Kockler, MS, PhD Virtual Mentor. 2007;9(5):369-374. doi: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2007.9.5.pfor2-0705. In the Literature Mar 2013 Conscience, Values, and Justice in Savulescu Alvan A. Ikoku, MD Virtual Mentor. 2013;15(3):-. doi: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2013.15.3.jdsc1-1303. Medicine and Society May 2010 Are Cosmetic Surgeons Complicit in Promoting Suspect Norms of Beauty? Jordan Amadio Some question whether plastic surgeons bear responsibility for promoting suspect norms of beauty, given that certain types of cosmetic enhancements reinforce common conceptions of normality that are harmful to society. Virtual Mentor. 2010;12(5):401-405. doi: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2010.12.5.msoc1-1005. Viewpoint Apr 2015 Making Ethical Progress without Ethical Theories Dien Ho, PhD AMA J Ethics. 2015;17(4):289-296. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2015.17.4.spec1-1504. History of Medicine Apr 2022 Why Restoring Birth as Ceremony Can Promote Health Equity Marinah V. Farrell Until the mid-20th century, birth in the United States for Latinx Indigenous peoples was an ancestral ceremony guided by midwives and traditional healers. AMA J Ethics. 2022;24(4):E326-332. doi: 10.1001/amajethics.2022.326. Policy Forum Mar 2018 Who Counts? What Counts? Place and the Limits of Perinatal Mortality Measures Claire Wendland, MD, PhD Perinatal mortality indicators like the maternal mortality ratio mask social determinants of health and undermine reproductive justice. AMA J Ethics. 2018;20(3):278-287. doi: 10.1001/journalofethics.2018.20.3.pfor2-1803.